Nanotechnology is basically the technology that deals with objects which come in the size of atoms. This is one of the most complex sections of science as well as technology these days. It has applications in various sectors. It has revolutionized many things. The measurement of the objects used in nanotechnology ranges been 1 to 1000 nM (Nano Meter). This technology has huge applications in electronics device manufacturing technology and pharmaceutical industry. In other words, it is highly promising and potent area of scientific researches as well as developments. In this article, we shall try to find properties and applications of Fullerenes in the field of nanotechnology.
Fullerenes have been mostly used in the field of carbon nanotechnology researches. Apart from Fullerenes, you shall find that nanotubes along with other similar objects have also been used. For their research in light fullerene molecules like C60 and C70, three scientists were awarded Nobel Prize in the year of 1996. Names of these scientists are Harold W. Kroto, Robest F. Curl and Richard E. Smalley.
Understanding Properties of Fullerenes Molecules
To understand why and how Fullerenes are using in the field of nanotechnology researches and developments, one needs to understand the properties of molecules of Fullerene. These properties have been described in the following section of this article. Basically, Fullerene molecules have three-dimensional spherical structure. They have unique as well as interesting physio-chemical, chemical and physical properties. Some of those properties are list below:
- Under various environmental conditions, these molecules can be used as conductors as well as semi-conductions. Depending upon the environmental conditions, they can also be used as super conductors.
- Photochromic effect has often been displayed by fullerene molecules. Based on the intensity, transmission of light can be changed with photochromic effect.
- Fullerene molecules are known to be quite ready to form compounds with different types of materials. It can also absorb free radicals with ease. This is why it has also application on pharmaceutical field in addition to nanotechnology sector.
- Using Fullerenes for the purpose of nanotechnology researches is a safe choice as it is inert in nature. Though inert, it allows generating active derivatives through it.
A lot of revolutionary inventions can be seen in upcoming days due to massive growth in research in the field of nanotechnology. Medicine and electronics are the two fields which will be benefitted mostly. To learn more, you can opt for visiting here